|In the event of a burn, you must act fast to
try and minimise the damage to the patient. The following steps should be
followed but remember if you are unsure seek help, and dial 999 if
- Stop the Burning Process. The faster the better--within 30 seconds,if
possible. Burns can continue to injure tissue for a surprisingly longtime.
No first aid will be effective until the burning process has stopped.
- Smother the "flames" with lots of cool water. Cool the burn under
running water for a minimum of 10 minutes Do not try to remove tar or
melted plastic. Do not use ice.
- In the case of severe burns, no attempt should be made to remove
clothing that is attached to a burn, as this will cause further problems.
These can include: further damage to the skin, prolonged healing and an
increased risk of permanent scars.
- The priority afterwards is to prevent infection and recommended
actions for burns include covering with a bag or cling film until medical
assistance can be obtained. Or wrap a minor burn with a thin layer of
gauze, or apply clean dry clothing. Covering wounds reduces pain and
evaporative losses, but do not use an occlusive dressing.
- Re-dress the wound every day by removing old dressings, re-washing,
and putting on clean dry covering. If the wound has been oozing, you may
have to soak off old dressings with clean tepid water.)
- If it hurts a lot, the safest form of pain relief is Paracetamol.
- For more information read the advice on the
John's Amubulance website