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Treating Burns

In the event of a burn, you must act fast to try and minimise the damage to the patient. The following steps should be followed but remember if you are unsure seek help, and dial 999 if necessary.
  • Stop the Burning Process. The faster the better--within 30 seconds,if possible. Burns can continue to injure tissue for a surprisingly longtime. No first aid will be effective until the burning process has stopped.
  • Smother the "flames" with lots of cool water. Cool the burn under running water for a minimum of 10 minutes Do not try to remove tar or melted plastic. Do not use ice.
  • In the case of severe burns, no attempt should be made to remove clothing that is attached to a burn, as this will cause further problems. These can include: further damage to the skin, prolonged healing and an increased risk of permanent scars.
  • The priority afterwards is to prevent infection and recommended actions for burns include covering with a bag or cling film until medical assistance can be obtained. Or wrap a minor burn with a thin layer of gauze, or apply clean dry clothing. Covering wounds reduces pain and evaporative losses, but do not use an occlusive dressing.
  • Re-dress the wound every day by removing old dressings, re-washing, and putting on clean dry covering. If the wound has been oozing, you may have to soak off old dressings with clean tepid water.)
  • If it hurts a lot, the safest form of pain relief is Paracetamol.
  • For more information read the advice on the St John's Amubulance website

Index : General Articles : Treating Burns - by UKCampsite.co.uk

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